Let’s be done with the lie once and for all!
Sitchin was right in his conclusion that the heavenly prince and deity of wisdom Enki (Sumerian) is identical to the later divine personages Ea (Babylonian), Ptah (Egyptian), Poseidon (Greek) and the biblical Serpent (Hebrew); his firstborn son Marduk (Sumerian) is the same god as Bel (Babylonian), Amon-Ra (Egyptian) and Merodach (Hebrew); and the lord of the secrets of the Tree of Life Ningishzidda (Sumerian) is equivalent to Thot (Egyptian) and Hermes (Greek); however, his claim that the Sumerian god Enlil, the half-brother of Enki, is the biblical god Yahweh has been a huge blunder.
Since Sitchin presented his theory almost five decades ago, many authors of the same topic have followed suit claiming that Enlil is identical to Yahweh without any willingness to question the theological conclusions of the Sitchinian perspective. One could say that Sitchin’s paradigm has now become some kind of dogma in the Ancient Astronauts genre. Despite the fact that the king of the Sumerian pantheon Anu, the god of the throne of heaven, has all the same traits as the biblical god and their deeds are identical, most popular authors don’t even begin to consider the possibility that Anu may be the original precursor of Yahweh and just keep repeating the same lie that Enlil is the secret identity of the god of Israel. Oddly many of the famous researchers completely ignore the role of Anu in Mesopotamian mythology as if he were an absent god who had already withdrawn from the earth and left the power with his sons. In the end, the Sitchinites erroneously conclude that Enlil is Yahweh and misinterpret the great cosmic conflict as a fraternal rivalry between Enki and Enlil.
Much of the scholarship of Sitchin is very good and his books have always been really interesting. However, his claim that Enlil is the Sumerian precursor of Yahweh is total nonsense. Why did Sitchin claim something so absurd with regards to the identity of the Hebrew god in spite of having done such a painstaking job when it came to the history of the other ancient gods? The answer could be quite displeasing for many of his fans. We have to take into account that Sitchin could have had his prejudices and hidden motives just like any other author. Let’s remember that Sitchin was a Jew, educated in a Jewish school in Palestine, and even claimed in one of his books that Yahweh was his god. Here we see the alliances of Sitchin very clearly. Sitchin was a member of the people of Anu and acknowledged Judaism, the original Anuist cult, as his own religion. In the end, Sitchin worked for Anu.
I don’t want to judge whether Sitchin worked for Anu knowingly or whether he was under a deception, but what is certain is that he twisted the truth about the identity of Yahweh, presented a very erroneous vision of the cosmic conflict and blamed Enlil for all the evil deeds of his father Anu (the real Yahweh). Let’s remember that the typical modus operandi of the Anuist elite is the shameful accusatory inversion by which they accuse their rivals and enemies of their own crimes shifting the blame in a deceitful manner and also the designed conflict in which two false perspectives are manipulated to fight among themselves while a third variable which is the truth is hidden from view.
The conspirators of the elite who work for Anu know that the truth about the history of our race is coming out into the light and they are unable to stop it. In the last century various historical records of Sumero-Akkadian origin, all much more ancient than the lies of the Bible, have been discovered and many of them are now available to the public. Scholars now know that many of the biblical stories are nothing more than twisted recasts of the content of the historical and literary tablets of the Mesopotamian civilizations and those who research the original Sumerian literature can know that Enki is the true creator and benefactor of mankind, something which means that the biblical Yahweh is nothing more than a deceptive impostor. In a nutshell, the falsehoods of the Judeochristian religion have already been exposed and the truth has manifested itself thanks to the rediscovery of our authentic past.
In the last decades of the 20th century each time more and more people distanced themselves from the religious lies of the Bible and began to take interest in the Sumerian records and the Ancient Astronauts Theory had already became popular at the end of the decade of the 60’s. The truth was about to come out definitively. It was then that the Anuists decided to corrupt it and distort the true nature of the divine cosmic conflict. Instead of the original struggle between the tyrannical father (Anu) and his libertarian and benevolent son (Enki) which appears in the mythological texts of various cultures, the cosmic conflict would become a fraternal rivalry (Enlil VS Enki) and the youngest son Enlil would be blamed for all the evil acts of his father. Unfortunately the works of Sitchin would be the vehicle of that deceptive distortion and many later authors would follow suit. The problem is that too many people don’t do their own research and just accept the erroneous conclusions of Sitchin as if they were a revelation from heaven itself without questioning anything he claims. In the end, Sitchin was manipulated by the elite and mixed truth and falsehood with the goal of sowing confusion.
From now I shall present the findings of my research and demonstrate that the true identity of Yahweh isn’t Enlil but none other than Anu, the evil king of heaven in the Mesopotamian mythology. Then we will delve into comparative mythology and see that in many cases there is an exact correspondence between the members of the distinct pantheons of the ancient civilizations.
Anu-Yahweh: The King of Heaven
An in-depth study of comparative mythology will reveal that the original identity of the biblical god Yahweh can only be Anu, the malevolent god of heaven of the Sumerian pantheon. The truth is that Anu shares many striking similarities with Yahweh not only with regards to his personal traits but also on a mythological level whereas the only characteristics which Enlil shares with Yahweh are his wrathful and authoritarian personality and his military skill. This is the reason for which many people confuse him with the biblical god and forget about Anu completely.
We must take into account that the tetragrammaton YHWH, vocalized as Yahweh, isn’t the original name of the Hebrew god but rather a semitic epithet whose meaning is ‘he who makes exist’ or ‘he who creates’. This pseudonym is an abbreviation of Yahweh Sebaot or ‘he who creates the hosts (armies)’. This divine title reflects the warlikeness of the warrior god of Israel who describes himself as ‘a man of war’ (Exodus 15:3). The original name of the god of the Bible was El or sometimes its plural form Elohim. Who was El originally? In the pre-biblical semitic religion, El was the highest god of the pantheon and the progenitor of the seventy Elohim or junior gods along with his divine wife Asherah. El was regarded as the king of the pantheon, the god of heaven, a deity of agriculture, the president of the assembly of the gods and a great judge and divine warrior by the Phoenicians, the Philistines and the early Hebrews. His most common epithets included El dū yahwī ṣaba’ôt, a warlike title which means ‘El who creates the hosts (armies)’ and the precursor of the biblical Yahweh Sebaot (Miller, 2000i); Father of Years, a variant of the jehovitic epithet Ancient of Days found in the Book of Daniel (Day, 2002ii); and Father of all the Elohim. It is important to note that the cult of El in ancient Levant was characterized by human sacrifice and the holocaust of firstborn males in particular (Olyan, 1988iii) and this perverse practice would be inherited by the Hebrews in their later jehovitic cult (Smith, 2002iv). In ancient times El was associated with the bloodthirsty and infanticidal titan Kronos in the Hellenic mythology of the neighboring Greek world (Smith, 2002v).
We have just established that El and Yahweh are two names of the same divine character and the biblical god El-Yahweh has his origin in the pre-Israelite semitic pantheon of the ancient Levantine region. Moreover, we already know that El-Yahweh was identical to Kronos, the highest titan of the Greek pantheon. Just like El in the Levantine semitic pantheon and Kronos in the Hellenic mythology, Anu was regarded as the king of heaven and the highest god of the Sumero-Akkadian pantheon. Enlil on the other hand never arrived to occupy the throne of heaven and was always god number two in the divine hierarchy. Besides, very similar to El-Yahweh, Anu was known as The Lord of the Heavenly Hosts, feared as a great judge who created the armies of the sky so that they would punish sinners, revered as the highest president of the Divine Council and praised as the Progenitor of all the Anunnaki. Here we see an exact correspondence with many of the characteristics of El-Yahweh in the western semitic religion. It is appropriate to say that none of their traits belong to Enlil.
The Sumerian sky god Anu and the highest semitic deity El were considered the same personage in the northern regions of Mesopotamia (Blásquez, 2001vi). In fact, the Akkadian root Ilu from which the semitic theonym El is derived has its origin in the Sumero-Akkadian religious culture and was associated with Anu. The cuneiform ideogram for the name of that deity was polyvalent and could be read as Anu or Ilu demonstrating a close relationship on a linguistic level. The truth is that El (Yahweh) is Anu, period. What is certain is that the biblical god has nothing to do with the Sumerian god Enlil apart from being his biological father.
There still remain more exact similarities between El-Yahweh and Anu.
In the semitic religion El was represented by a solar disk often with wings whose center contained a pointed star. In the Book of Amos we read that the god whom the Hebrews worshiped was represented by a kind of star (Amos 5:26). Likewise, the Sumerian god Anu was represented by the same pointed star inside a solar disk.
In the semitic religion, El, just like his Greek equivalent Kronos, was associated with the planet Saturn. The bloodcurdling truth is that Judaism has always been a cult of Saturn from its beginning. The sacred day of El-Yahweh is Saturday, the day of Saturn, called Diēs Saturnī in Latin and Kronía in classical Greek. Many people know that Sabbath (Saturday) comes from Shabbath whose meaning is ‘day of rest’, but very few people know that this Hebrew root shares its etymology with the ancient term Shabbathai, the name of the god and the planet Saturn in Hebrew. Besides, in the Kabbala, Jewish mysticism, Yahweh Elohim is associated with the sephirah Binah and by extention with Saturn (Guiley, 2009vii). In Greco-Roman mythology the titan Saturn-Kronos immolated and devoured his own children out of fear that they would surpass him and usurp his throne. The saturnic cult has always maintained its sickly obsession with ritual infanticide. That same perverse practice would be conserved in the jehovitic cult of primitive Judaism and then it would continue in a symbolic manner in Christianity (the sacrifice of the firstborn son of Yahweh on the cross). In the end, the biggest secret of Judaism is that its cult is saturnic worship. Parallel to this, in the Mesopotamian tradition the sky god Anu was associated with the planets Mars and Saturn (Evans, 1998viii). Since ancient times Mars has always symbolized warlikeness and Saturn has always been considered a dark and malefic planet.
According to the Mesopotamian records, Anu was a violent usurper who defeated his predecessor Alalu in a struggle for the throne of heaven (Van Der Toorn, 1996ix). Parallel to this, in the Hellenic mythology, the warlike titan Kronos, a divine personage identical to the semitic deity El, was a bloodthirsty tyrant who beat his own father in battle in order to usurp the heavenly throne and devoured his own children out of fear that they may grow more powerful than him and take from him the throne. Likewise, in the primitive (pre-exile) Hebrew religion we are able to see vestiges of the same divine usurpation motive on the part of the king of the pantheon El-Yahweh. Despite the fact that Jewish theology claims that El-Yahweh is the sole creator god and the prime mover of everything there is in the cosmos, in the original semitic religion El was a created being and a god engendered by the primeval gods Elyon and Beruth, just like his Sumerian equivalent Anu was the offspring of the pre-pantheonic gods Anshar and Kishar. Manuscript 4QDeut, known also as the Song of Moses and regarded as the underlying text of some parts of the biblical Deuteronomy, is one of the few pre-exile Hebrew texts found among the Dead Sea Scrolls of Qumran. According to the most ancient version of Deuteronomy 32, El-Yahweh, the god of Israel, appears not as the most high god who shares out the nations among the ‘sons of Israel’ as the later biblical version claims, but as one of the sons of the Elohim (gods) who receive their inheritance from the superior deity Elyon (Stark, 2011x). In other words, in the earliest texts of the Hebrew religion El-Yahweh presents himself as one of the junior gods subordinate to the primeval god Elyon. Later in the same primitive text and in some parts of the Book of Psalms we find passages that indicate that El-Yahweh defeated his divine rivals and rose to the throne of the pantheon thanks to his great military skill (Smith, 2001xi; Stark, 2011xii).
Deuteronomy 32:43 according to the Masoretic manuscript from the Middle Ages:
Praise, O ye nations, his people … (truncated)
Deuteronomy 32:43 according to the Greek Septuagint from the 3rd century BCE:
Praise, O heavens, his people.
Praise him, O angels of God.
Deuteronomy 32:43 according to manuscript 4QDeut from the 8-9th century BCE:
Praise, O heavens, his people.
Bow down before him, O all of you gods.
In the end, the polytheistic elements of the early Hebrew literature were edited out by the biblical scribes of the Jewish priesthood during the exile in Babylonia and the original version of the Hebrew texts conserves vestiges of a usurpation of the throne of the pantheon by military means on the part of the Hebrew god El-Yahweh. Just as Anu banished his royal predecessor Alalu after a fierce fight and Kronos expelled his own father from the throne of heaven by force, El-Yahweh defeated his divine rivals in the struggle for supremacy and took over the throne of his superior Elyon in order to become the king of heaven.
In the Book of Genesis El-Yahweh is against the idea of Adam eating from the Tree of Knowledge and then berates the Serpent for having granted to mankind the science of the gods and denies man the fruit of the Tree of Life which is the key to immortality. In the Legend of Adapa, the original Sumerian version of the story of Adam, the king of heaven Anu is the god who doesn’t want Adapa to have the heavenly knowledge, complains that the Ushumgal or Great Serpent (Enki) of the sanctuary of Eridú (in the Edin) has revealed to man the design of heaven and earth and makes Adapa return to the earth without receiving the Water and Bread of Life (Kramer & Maier, 1989xiii). In the end, Yahweh and Anu are the same personage who plays the same role both in Genesis and in the original Sumerian version: Anu-Yahweh is the evil god of heaven who opposed the enlightenment of man, became bitter enemies with the benevolent Serpent and denied humanity the source of immortality.
According to the biblical account, El-Yahweh decides to send the deluge in order to wipe out mankind who supposedly was becoming each time more wicked. In the Sumerian flood stories such as the one found in Nippur, we see that Anu is the god who presides over the Divine Council and makes the decision to destroy the humans. Enlil on the other hand occupies the second position in the Council of the Anunnaki and is subordinate to his father. In the end, although Enlil was still allied with Anu at that time and supported the decision of his father in that moment he was not the god who approved the genocide and Anu alone was the true responsible party for the devastating cataclysm. However, authors like Sitchin forget to mention the central role of Anu in the decision to send the flood and place all the blame on Enlil.
It is evident that Yahweh can be none other than Anu, the king of heaven and biological father of Enki and Enlil. In brief, El-Yahweh and Anu not only have many of the same traits of which very few are applicable to Enlil, but also play the same role in the ancient stories as the obscurantist tyrant who wanted to keep humanity in ignorance, opposed the granting of the divine science by the Serpent of wisdom and denied man the source of immortality. Yahweh is identical to Anu, the true adversary of the human race.
Then what about the semitic identity of Enlil?
Enlil is Baal in the Semitic Pantheon
Just like Anu in the Sumerian pantheon, El was considered the Father of all the Elohim in the semitic religion. His most important sons included Baal, a warrior god, the lord of storms and the vice-president of the Divine Assembly; and Kothar-wa-Khasis, a deity of wisdom, engineering and magic. Baal and Kothar-wa-Khasis, both sons of El (Anu), are Levantine semitic equivalents of Enlil and Enki respectively.
Just like Enlil was regarded as the god of wind or the god of the air in the Sumerian religion, Baal was revered as a storm deity in the pre-Israelite semitic pantheon. He was often depicted with a lightening bolt in his hand just like the Greek titan Zeus, son of Kronos (El, Anu) in the Hellenic pantheon.
Just like Enlil who was respected for his great bravery as a divine warrior of the second generation and called the Bull of Heaven, Baal was considered a young warrior and represented by the calf in the semitic religion. Here Enlil is very akin to Baal with regards to his divine characteristics and his function and is not comparable to Yahweh given that the Hebrew god, just like his pre-biblical precursor El, is described as the Ancient of Days whose ‘hair is like the pure wool’ in the Book of Daniel and as a great god ‘whose years are unsearchable’ in the Book of Job (Day, 2002xiv). What is certain is that Enlil cannot be Yahweh since he is a young warrior of the second generation of the pantheon. El-Yahweh and Anu on the other hand are older characters of the first generation and El-Yahweh in particular is represented as an aged patriarchal god and called Ab Shnom or ‘Father of Years’.
Just like Enlil who occupied the second highest position in the Council of the Anunnaki and presided at the side of his father Anu, Baal was the vice-president of the Assembly of the Elohim and reigned over the council along with his father El, but never managed to surpass him and alway remained subordinate to his father (Smith, 2009xv). Here we see that the relationship between El and Baal in the semitic religion is identical to that between Anu and Enlil in the Sumerian pantheon.
In the biblical epoch their relationship changes completely. In the Bible Baal (Enlil) is presented as a ‘false god’ of the ‘foreign heathens’, slandered as a ‘perverse idol’ of the Philistines and his name is denigrated as Ba’al Zevuv (Beelzebub), a play on words in Hebrew and a mocking expression whose meaning is ‘lord of the flies’. Some biblical scholars propose the possibility that Ba’al Zevuv is a disrespectful corruption of the divine title Ba’al Zebul which means ‘lord of the high places’ (Freedman et al., 2000xvi), an epithet similar to Enlil (lord of the air). In the Hebrew Bible Baal is accused of human sacrifice and in Christianity he is slandered as the ‘prince of demons’. Here we encounter once more the accusatory inversion very typical of Anu-Yahweh. Despite the fact that El-Yahweh had always been a perverse god whose cult was characterized by the immolation of human beings and the holocaust of firstborn sons and a bloodthirsty tyrant whose practices were demonic, he accuses his son Baal (Enlil) of the same crime and blames him for his own acts of evil. In the end, El-Yahweh (Anu) and Baal (Enlil) are now enemies and the son was defamed unjustly by his depraved father in the Bible because finally he opposed tyranny and joined his benevolent half-brother Enki, the Great Serpent of the divine science.
The Pantheon Revisited
If we take a look at the structure of the highest tier of the respective pantheons of the region in antiquity and analyze the roles and the general characteristics of each deity comparatively, we soon become aware than Enlil cannot be the biblical god Yahweh and is much more akin to Baal in the semitic pantheon and to Zeus in Greek mythology.
As we can see above, Anu, El (Yahweh) and Kronos share many traits, all being gods of heaven, tyrannical patriarchal kings, violent usurpers, misanthropic and personages associated with the planet Saturn. Besides, El (Yahweh) and Kronos share the title of Father of Time, the practice of human sacrifice and a fascination with ritual infanticide by holocaust and El (Yahweh) and Anu share the epithet Lord of the Heavenly Hosts and oppose the enlightenment of man by the Serpent of the sanctuary of Eden/Edin.
Likewise, Enlil, Baal and Zeus have almost all the same characteristics. All are preferred sons of the tyrannical king of heaven, they are all young warriors of the second generation, they all stand out for their great military skill, they all occupy a very high position in the Divine Council often ruling alongside their father and they all appear as storm deities. Baal and Zeus wield a devastating lightening bolt by which they defeat their adversaries and Enlil is a warrior of the tempests.
Enki in the Sumero-Akkadian pantheon, Kothar-wa-Khasis in the early semitic religion and Poseidon in Greek mythology are all important sons of the king of the pantheon, deities of wisdom, masters of the arts of construction, powerful magicians, lords of the occult sciences and great friends and benefactors of mankind. Enki and Poseidon are gods of the waters and have a special relationship with the aquatic regions. Besides, it is believed that their respective names mean the same: Lord of the Earth. Enki is composed of the Sumerian roots en (lord) and ki (earth) and Poseidon possibly comes from the primitive roots pósis (lord, owner; cognate of the Indo-European pótis and the Sanskrit páti) and da (‘earth’ in the Doric Greek dialect and cognate of gē in classical Greek). The original pronunciation of his Greek name was Poseidaōn. In the Levantine regions Kothar-wa-Khasis was associated with Ptah, the Egyptian equivalent of Enki known as Lord of Serpents and Fishes, Master Builder and Lord of Magic.
In brief, Enlil is not Yahweh but Baal, a god who was later slandered and denigrated by the people of Yahweh in their accursed Bible. Enlil-Baal has became bitter enemies with his father Anu-Yahweh and is now allied with the Enkites in the great cosmic struggle. Enlil-Baal is a great warrior god and defender of the human race who doesn’t tolerate the evil deeds of his crazed father.
The erroneous claim that Enlil is the Sumerian precursor of Yahweh is an Anuist lie that must be exposed. Enlil became aware of the depravity of his father Anu-Yahweh and joined Enki some several millennia ago. Now Enlil is beside his noble half-brother and fights against the cosmic evil as a great liberator of humanity.
iMiller, P.D. (2000) The Religion of Ancient Israel. Westminster (p. 2)
iiDay, J. (2002) Yahweh and the Gods and Goddesses of Canaan. New York (p. 18)
iiiOlyan, S. (1988) Asherah and the Cult of Yahweh in Israel. Atlanta (p. 12, pp. 62-68)
ivSmith, M.S. (2002) The Early History of God: Yahweh and the Other Deities in Ancient Israel. Michigan (pp. 172-178)
vSmith, M.S. (2002) The Early History of God: Yahweh and the Other Deities in Ancient Israel. Michigan (pp. 172-178; 78)
viBlázquez. J.M. (2001) Dioses, mitos y rituales de los semitas occidentales en la antigüedad. (pp. 29-30)
viiGuiley, R.E. (2009) The Encyclopedia of Demons and Demonology. New York (p. 139)
viiiEvans, J. (1998) The History and Practice of Ancient Astronomy. New York (pp. 8.9)
ix Van Der Toorn, K. (1996) Family Religion in Babylonia, Ugarit and Israel: Continuity and Changes in the Form of Religious Life. Leiden (p. 159)
x Stark, T. (2011) The Human Faces of God: What Scripture Reveals When It Gets God Wrong (And Why Inerrancy Tries To Hide It). Oregan (pp. 70-78)
xi Smith, M.S. (2001) The Origins of Biblical Monotheism: Israel’s Polytheistic Background and the Ugaritic Texts. New York (pp. 156-157, 64)
xiiStark, T. (2011) The Human Faces of God: What Scripture Reveals When It Gets God Wrong (And Why Inerrancy Tries To Hide It). Oregan (pp. 70-71; 74-76)
xiiiKramer, S.N. & Maier, J. (1989) Myths of Enki, the Crafty God. New York & Oxford. (p. 116)
xivDay, J. (2002) Yahweh and the Gods and Goddesses of Canaan. New York (p. 18)
xvSmith, M.S. (2009) The Ugaritic Baal Cycle. Leiden (pp. 46; 289)
xviFreedman, D.N., Beck, A.B. & Meyers, A.C. (2000) Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible. Michigan (p. 160)